Nowadays there seems to be no getting around CBD, more and more manufacturers are advertising and praising the new type of supplement, be it as a commercial on TV or in the shop window of pharmacies. However, very few people know what it is actually about and what this herbal compound promises. Here, in a nutshell, are the key characteristics of CBD and its potential benefits .
What is CBD?
CBD stands for cannabidiol and describes a compound found in the hemp plant. In contrast to its psychotropic relative THC, CBD is not intoxicating, which is why it can be used legally. If CBD is ingested – mostly in oil form – it interacts with various endogenous receptors such as those of the endocannabinoid system. This is a part of the nervous system that is believed to play an important role in regulating the immune system.
5 promising benefits of CBD
Although the hemp plant has been used by people for thousands of years, the decades-long stigmatization of the plant has meant that the research into its potential is far from complete or not yet conclusive due to restrictions. Therefore, no medical claims can be made about compounds of the cannabis plant such as CBD at this time.
However, its potential benefits are extremely diverse, and here is a selection of the five most promising.
Inflammation is an important natural reaction in the body, but it can uncheckedly cause many diseases such as rheumatism, psoriasis or Crohn’s disease. In various animal studies and in-vitro studies, an anti-inflammatory effect of CBD has been found.
- Pain relief
In a meta study published in Frontiers in Pharmacology in 2018, a moderate amount of evidence was found for the neuralgic activity of cannabinoids, especially in neuropathic pain, for which CBD could also be responsible.
- Skin care
In various preliminary studies, CBD has been ascribed a sebum-reducing and anti-inflammatory effect, making it promising for use against psoriasis and acne, among others. CBD is now also used in moisturizing cosmetic products such as creams and lotions.
- Anxiety-relieving effect
In animal studies and isolated (non-clinical) studies with human subjects, CBD has been considered to have considerable potential for treating multiple anxiety disorders such as social phobias and depression. In addition, CBD apparently counteracts the paranoia sometimes triggered by THC – another indicator of its anxiety-relieving potential.
- Antispasmodic effect
In the USA, a drug with synthetic CBD as an active ingredient called Epidiolex for the treatment of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome – two forms of infantile epilepsy – has been approved by the FDA since 2018. Various studies that certify CBD to have an antispasmodic and neuroprotective effect have already had an effect in practice.